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Osteoarthritis Treatment Brampton

What is Osteoarthritis? What are the common signs and symptoms?

Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of many types of arthritis, and in fact, is one of the most common affecting more than 3 million Canadians.

The term “arthritis” refers to inflammation of a joint. Every joint of the body is surrounded by cartilage – which essentially helps to protect the end of bones. It also plays a very important role by absorbing any shock that the joint encounters and allows for smooth movements to occur. Arthritis occurs when this cartilage begins to wear down. This happens over time and can occur due to various reasons. As the cartilage wears down, it results in mild- severe pain, stiffness and swelling.

Overtime, the joints that are affected by OA can eventually become larger, and in rare cases, the cartilage can wear out completely – causing the bones to rub directly up against each other and increasing the pain. With OA, when the joints are being used less due to the pain/stiffness, it leads to weakening of the surrounding muscles of the joint. As the muscles becoming weaker, they do not provide the support an stability that is needed for the joints- this increases the pressure through the boney surfaces.

Risk Factors for Developing Osteoarthritis:

  • Family History: Having a family/genetic history of people who have OA
  • Age: As individuals get older, the chances of one developing OA increases.
  • Weight: The more weight an individual carries, more load is being placed on your joints
  • Injury to a joint(s): OA can occur in joints that have had an injury before. This is because when an individual sustains an injury, it can damage the cartilage in a joint/ interfere with the movement of the joint – which increases a person chances in developing OA later on.

What joints are affected by Osteoarthritis? backpain 2

  • Neck
  • Low back
  • Knees
  • Hips
  • End/Middle Joints of Fingers
  • Base of the thumb

How can you manage Osteoarthritis at home? What can you do to avoid developing Osteoarthritis?

It is important to understand that you can manage your symptoms of OA at home. The following are effective measures to help manage your OA symptoms:

  • Heat and Ice: Applying heat and/or ice to the effected joints can help alleviate local pain. Ice is good for decreasing any swelling or inflammation. Heat is ideal for decreasing muscle spasms/ tightness, and increasing range of motion
  • Joint Protection:
    • Maintaining good posture
    • Weight management
    • Changing positions often
    • Using assistive devices to make your daily activities easier and placing less stress on your joints/muscles
    • Taking frequent rest breaks/ alternating heavy tasks with lighter tasks. This will prevent excess stress being placed on your joints.
  • Maintaining an overall healthy and active lifestyle
  • Keeping joints strong with resistance training in conjunction with static and dynamic stretching

Physiotherapy Treatment/Chiropractic Treatment:backpain 3

Although OA is not 100% curable, Physiotherapy and Chiropractic treatment both serve as effective measures to help manage, control, and reduce signs and symptoms of OA. Both healthcare practitioners can prescribe specific exercises and stretches to help maximize the flexibility and range of motion of the joints that are affected. In addition, they can also provide you with strengthening exercises to help increase stability/protect your joints.

Other therapeutic modalities our Physiotherapist may use in conjunction with exercises are therapeutic ultrasound, dry needling, interferential current and TENS.

But what else makes our clinic special about treating OA?


We offer a wide range of orthopedic braces that can help those who have OA. For instance, our bauerfeind knee brace – Genu Train – is highly effective and can help offload pressure that is being applied to the knee joint; this can help decrease the pain that you’re experiencing. It can also help with providing stability and support while doing your daily activities – preventing the condition from getting worse.


Chiropractic Care Brampton ON | (905) 458-6677